It is not an easy matter to interact with victims. For that, you have to take in account and adapt to their emotions, their psychological state, and to the age of the victim. If you don't, you will only develop incomprehension, tension, conflict and mistakes. It is also very important for you to recognize what type of victim you have to deal with (still alive or unfortunately deceased) as you will not react the same way with each of them.
1) The real victims: they say the whole truth, with the content and the form that go with it. These are very rare, just because of the psychological defense mechanisms a victim develops to cope with the suffering, pain, and shame caused during the victimization process.
2) The fake victims: they are pathological liars, also very rare. But they do exist, so please be careful to detect them when you meet them.
3) The real-fake victims: people who are capable of lying all the way through, but who are really suffering inside. The victim wants to get attention by making up terrible facts to cover up a real suffering that was not revealed, recognized and treated.
4) The direct victims: those who were directly and emotionally involved in the victimization process.
5) The collateral victims: all the people who have an emotional link to the direct victim (family, friends, close entourage of the victim, but also the mother or father or wife or child of a serial killer that did not know what was happening, the girlfriend of a rapist...)
6) The indirect victims: people who belong to the same professional or institutional circle as the direct victim (when a policeman is killed, all policemen mourn).
7) The unknown victims: when the victims are unknown to the offender, they teach us that the offender and the victim probably didn't know each other, and that the motivation was probably the fruit of a fantasy and/or pathology.
8 ) The known victims: they teach us that the offender and the victim probably knew each other and that the motivation is a classic one (passion, greed, revenge) that can be uncovered in a more classical investigation.
9) The serial victims: the victims and the offender probably did not know each other.
10) The single victims: the victim and the offender probably knew each other.
11) The low-medium-high exposure victims: this concept of victim exposure gives vital insight on how the offender committed his crime. This concept will be developed more in details in a later post.
12) The selected victims: refer to an organized offender who targets specific victims because they fit his motivations.
13) The total opportunity victims: refer to an unorganized offender who targets his victims for irrational reasons or according to his own pathological logic. (example: because some voices told him to).
14) The partial opportunity victims: refer to a mixed offender, with an organized or unorganized dominant according to the case, and whose motivation will be partly logical and clear, but also partly pathological and/or fantasy focused and/or irrational.
Here I would like to make a comment and remind that nobody is victim "by chance" (see the post on Victimology Principles), and that even in the case of a total opportunity victim, there is a link between the victim and the offender (what the victim represents in the offender's mind, or the environment represents to the offender)
15) The physical victims: people who have suffered from wounds, burns, broken bones and any physical injury.
16) The psychological victims: people who have suffered from heavy negligence, mental cruelty, bullying, important lack of affection, moral harassment and other mental and psychological attacks.
17) The psychosomatic victims: people who suffer so much on a psychological level that you can see it on the physical body, or that have endured so much physical pain that they also keep very deep psychological wounds.